Vol. 3, No. 4 (Fall 2016) 44-53   

Link: http://www.jree.ir/Vol3/No4/6.pdf
Downloaded Downloaded: 36   Viewed Viewed: 223

  Proposing New Algorithm for Modeling of Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) System
H. Ghadamian, H. A. Ozgoli, F. Farhani and M. Baghban
( Received: October 23, 2016 – Accepted: April 25, 2017 )

Abstract    Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) systems are used for the enhancement of sustainable energy aspect in conventional fuel cells. In this study, a photovoltaic-electrolyzer-fuel cell integrated cycle has been presented. The proposed system has been designed as a novel approach for alleviating the restrictions on energy streams in the RFC systems. Modeling of the system has been performed from the mass and energy point of view, based on both theoretical and practical procedures. To generate electricity from hydrogen, a proton exchange membrane fuel cell, integrated with an electrolyzer system which it works by solar energy, has been used. Optimized results of required photovoltaic area have been shown significant differences between theoretical and practical approaches. Moreover, all efficiencies of two scenarios including total efficiency have been indicated and analyzed. The main advantage of this system in compare with single solar systems is generating internal energy about 2.3 kW for producing 1 kW electricity by fuel cell.


Keywords    Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC); Modeling; Integration; Photovoltaic; Electrolysis; General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS)


References    [1] F. Mitlitsky, B. Myers. Regenerative Fuel Cell Systems, Energy Fuels. 1998, 2, 56-71. [2] R. Johnson, C. Morgan, D. Witner, T. Johnson. Performance of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack. International journal of hydrogen energy. 2001, 26, 879-887. [3] Patrick T. Moseley and Jurgen Garche, “Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing”, Chapter 11: PEM Electrolyzers and PEM Regenerative Fuel Cells Industrial View, Elsevier Science Ltd (Verlag), 2014. [4] H. Ghadamian, Y. Saboohi. Quantitative analysis of irreversibilities causes voltage drop in Fuel Cell (simulation & modeling). J. Electrochemical Acta. 2004, 50,699-704. [5] Burke KA. Unitized regenerative fuel cell system development. Glenn Technical Report NASA/TM-2003–212739, http://gltrs.grc.nasa.gov/reports/2003/TM-2003-212739.pdf; 2003. [6] H. Ghadamian, K. Bakhtari, S. Seyedi Namini. An algorithm for optimum design and macro-   model development in PEMFC with exergy and cost considerations. Power Sources. 2006; 163, 87-92. [7] R. Cownden, M. Nahon, M.A. Rosen. Modelling and analysis of a solid polymer fuel cell system for transportation applications. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy. 2001, 26, 615-623.  [8] Rabih S, Rallieres O, Turpin C, Astier S. Experimental study of a PEM reversible fuel cell. In: Proceedings of the intern. conf. on renewable energy and power quality (ICREPQ’08), Valencia; March 11–13, 2008. p. 268. [9] Maclay JD, Brouwer J, Scott Samuelsen G. Dynamic analyses of regenerative fuel cell power for potential use in renewable residential applications. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2006; 31:994-1009. [10] H.A. Ozgoli, H. Ghadamian, A.A. Hamidi, “Modeling SOFC & GT Integrated-Cycle Power System with Energy Consumption Minimizing Target to Improve Comprehensive cycle Performance (Applied in pulp and paper, case studied)”, GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology, 1 (2012) 1-6. [11] GreenVolt Power Corp. http://www.greenvolt.com. [12] P. Millet, R. Ngameni, S.A. Grigoriev, V.N. Fateev, “Scientific and engineering issues related to PEM technology: Water electrolysis, fuel cells and unitized regenerative systems”. International journal of hydrogen energy 36 (2011) 4156-4163. [13] S.A. Grigoriev, P. Millet, K.A. Dzhus, H. Middleton, T.O. Saetre, V.N. Fateev ,“Design and characterization of bi-functional electrocatalytic layers for application in PEM unitized regenerative fuel cells”. International journal of hydrogen energy 35 (2010) 5070–5076. [14] Farret FA, Simoes MG. Integration of alternative sources of energy. A John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006. p. 167. [15] http://www.valentin.de/index_en_page=pvsol_faq [16] H Ghadamian, AA Hamidi, H Farzaneh, HA Ozgoli, “Thermo-economic analysis of absorption air cooling system for pressurized solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine cycle”, Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 4, 043115 (2012). [17] S.A. Grigoriev, P. Millet, V.I. Porembsky, V.N. Fateev ,“Development and preliminary testing of a unitized regenerative fuel cell based on PEM technology”. International journal of hydrogen energy 36 (2011) 4164–4168. [18] J.M. Ogden, W. Vielstich, A. Lamm, H.A. Gasteiger. Handbook of Fuel Cells, Wiley, New York, 2003. [19] R.H. Jiang, D. Chu. Stack design & performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. U.S. army research laboratory. Power sources, 2001, 93, 25-31. [20] R.H. Perry, D. Green. Chemical Engineering’s Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1984. [21] D. J. Bents, J. Vincent. B. Scullin, J. Chang, W. D. Johnson, C. P. Garcia and I. J. Jakupca. Hydrogen-oxygen PEM Regenerative Fuel Cell development at NASA Glenn Research Center. Fuel Cells Bulletin. 2006, 1, 12-14. [22] R. Jiang, Z. Derynchu. Stack design and performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. Power sources. 2002, 93, 25-31. [23] R. Johnson, C. Morgan, D. Witner, T. Johnson. Performance of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack. International journal of hydrogen energy. 2001, 26, 879-887. [24] German Solar Energy Society (DGS). Planning and Installing Photovoltaic Systems (a guide for installers, architects and engineers), James & James, London, 2006. [25] M. Yamaguchi, et al. Development Of 2500 cm2 Solid Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolyzer in WE-NET. New Energy Laboratory Fuji Electric Corporate Research and Development, Japan, 1998; pp.194-240. [26] http://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/news/FactSheets/FS-068-DFRC.html     [27] http://www.llnl.gov/str/Mitlit.html [28] Thanaa.F.Al-Shater, Mohsen.T.El-Hagry, Mona.N.Eskandar, Hybrid PV/Fuel Cell System Design and Simulation, Proceedings of IECEC’01, 36 th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference , July29- August 2, 2001, Savannah, Georgia

Download PDF