Abstract




 
   

Vol. 3, No. 4 (Fall 2016) 27-33   

Link: http://www.jree.ir/Vol3/No4/4.pdf
 
Downloaded Downloaded: 38   Viewed Viewed: 390

  Utilization of Co-digestion of Local Brewery Wastes and Cattle Dung as a Potential Source of Biogas and Organic Fertilizer
 
Olatunde A. Oyelaran, Yau Tudunwada, J. Abidoye and O. Sanusi
 
( Received: July 20, 2016 – Accepted: May 09, 2017 )
 
 

Abstract    ABSTRACT: Biogas production from co-digestion of local brewery waste (BW) and cow dung (CD) was study for value added to this solid waste. The objective of this research was to fine the optimum condition for maximum biogas production and also examined the effectiveness of the biogas residue (liquor from anaerobic digestion process) as a nitrogen source for the production of okro. The experiments were performed in a laboratory scale of 1.5 liters plastic bottles were used as digesters operated in batch mode and mesophilic conditions [35°C±0.5]. The feedstock were test in the following ratios CD:BW, 90:10, 80:20. 70:30, 60:40, 50:50, 40:60, 30:70. 20:80 and 10:90. The maximum biogas yield was attained with mixtures in the proportions of 70:30 CD:BW. At these proportions, there was a biogas yield increase as compared to other ratios. The addition of BW increased the biogas yield from 0.40t/lt.day to 0.92lt/lt.day. It was found that CD: BW of 70:30 is the optimum ratio from batch process. The gradual reduction of the VFA concentration clearly indicated the stability of the process. A micro (pot) experiment was conducted to study the comparative effects of biogas residues, and NPK fertilizers on growth and yield using okro as the test crop. Twelve experimental soil filled pot in a complete randomized block design was used comprising of three each for Control T1 (no NPK and no BR), T2 100% NPK fertilizer, T3 50% BR plus 50% NPK fertilizers and T4 biogas residues (BR 100). The parameters studied showed that plant height, root length, number of fruits per plant and fruit weight was affected by the addition of biogas residue. A maximum 20.2% plant height increase over control T1 was observed in T3, 100% NPK has 10% while T4 has 8%. A maximum increase of 28.57% number of fruits was recorded in treatment T2 and T3, while 14.29% increased was recorded in T4 compared with control. The 50% BR applied in combination with 50% NPK (T3) resulted in 25.42% increase in fruit weight over control, T4 has 20.34% and 16.95% was observed in T2.  Based on these results, it may be concluded that the application of approximately 50% of biogas residue and 50% inorganic fertilizer improves the production of okro.

 

Keywords    Local brewery waste, cow dung, biogas, biogas residue, VFA concentration, fertilizer.

 

References    Elango, M., Pulikesi, P., Baskaralingam, V., Ramamurthy, S. and Sivanesan S. Production of biogas from municipal solid waste with domestic sewage. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2007, 141(1), 301.Igoni,A. H., Abowei, M. F. N., Ayotamuno, M. J. and Eze, C. L., Effect of total solids concentration of municipal solid waste on the biogas produced in an anaerobic continuous digester. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal. Manuscript EE 07 010. 2008, Vol. X, Buren, A. V. A Chinese Biogas Manual, Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd., 1979Huong Ho Thi Lan, Utilization of biogas technology for generating electricity and storing oranges. Biogas Department, Institute of Energy, Honoi, Vietnam, 2002.Alvarez. R. and Liden G. Semi-continuous co-digestion of solid slaughterhouse waste, manure, and fruit and vegetable waste. Renew. Energy, 2007, 33:726-734.Angelidaki, I., and  Ellegaard, L. Codigestion of manure and organic wastes in centralized biogas plants. Appl.  Biochem. Biotechnol, 2003,  109:95-105.Wei, W. Anaerobic Co-digestion of Biomass for Methane Production: Recent Research Achievements, 2000.Adelekan, F. And Bamgboye, A. (2009). Comparison of biogas productivity of cassava peels mixed in selected ratios   with major livestock waste types. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 2009, 4(7):571-577.Muyiiya, N. and Kasisira L. Assessment of the Effect of Mixing Pig and Cow Dung on Biogas Yield. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR E. J. 2009, Manuscript PM 1329, Vol. XI. 10.  Amon, T., Amon, B., Kryvoruchko, V., Bodiroza, V., Pötsch, E. and Zollitsch, W. Optimising methane yield from anaerobic digestion of manure: effects of dairy systems and of glycerin supplementation. Int. Congr. Ser., 2006,  1293:217-220. 11.  Macias-Corral, M., Samani, Z., Hanson, A., Smith, G., Funk, P., Yu, H. and Longworth, J. Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste and agricultural waste and the effect of co-digestion with dairy cow manure. Bioresour. Technol., 2008, 99(17):8288-8293. 12.  El-Mashad, H., Zhang, R. Biogas production from co-digestion of dairy manure and food waste. Bioresource Technol., 2010, 101(11):4021-4028. 13.  Marañón, E., Castrillón, L., Quiroga, G., Fernández-Nava, Y., Gómez, L., García, M. M. Co-digestion of cattle manure with food waste and sludge to increase biogas production. Waste Manage, 2012,  32:1821-1825. 14.  Yetilmezsoy, K and Sakar, S.. Development of empirical models forperformance evaluation of UASB reactors treating poultry manure wastewater under different operational conditions, J. Hazardous Materials, 2008, 153: 532–543. 15.  Budiyono, I., Widiasa, S., Johari, G., and Sunarso, T. Increasing Biogas Production Rate from Cattle Manure Using Rumen Fluid as Inoculums. Int. J. Chem. Biol. Eng, 2010,  3:1 16.  APHA (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th ed., Washington, DC. 17.  Yadvika, S., Sreekrishnan, T. R., Kohil, S. and Rana, V. Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques: a review. Bioresources Technology, 2004, 95:1-10. 18.  Nwabanne, J. T., Okoye, A.C. and Ezedinma, H.C. Kinetics of anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent. Canadian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2012, 6(1)1877-1881 19.  Wang, J.Y., Zhang, H., Stabnikova, O. and Tay, J.H. Comparison of labscale and pilot-scale hybrid anaerobic solid–liquid systems operated in batch and semi-continuous modes. Process Biochem., 2005, 40 (11), 3580–3586. 20.  Cho, J.K. and Park, S.C.,. Biochemical methane potential and solid state anaerobic digestion of Korean food wastes. Bioresour. Technol., 1995, 52 (3), 245–253. 21.  Heo, N.H., Park, S.C. and Kang, H. EVects of mixture ratio and hydraulic retention time on single-stage anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and waste activated sludge. J. Environ. Sci. Health A, 2004, 39 (7), 1739–1756. 22.  Singh, Y., Sumit Kr Bansal, S. K. and Singh, R. Evaluation of Biogas Production from Solid Waste using Pretreatment Method in Anaerobic Condition,  Int. J. Emerg. Sci., 2012, 2(3), 405-414. 23.  Castrillon L., Vazguez. I., Maranon E. and Satre H. Anaerobic thermophilic treatment of cattle manure in UASB reactors. Waste Management and Research, 2002,  20: 350-3 24.  Islam, M. R., Rahman, S. M. E. and Rahman, M. M. The effects of biogas slurry on the production and quality of maize fodder. Turk J Agric 2009, 34: 91-99 25.  Okwuagwu, M. I., Allh,  M. E. and Osemwota, I. O. The effects of organic and inorganic manure on soil properties and yield of okra in Nigeria. Afr Crop Sci 2003, 6: 390-393. 26.  Rahman, S. M. E., Islam, A. M and Rahman, M. M,  Effect of cattle slurry on growth, biomass yield and chemical composition of maize fodder. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2008, 21: 1592- 1598. 27.  Baldi, E., Toselli, M., Eissenstat, D. M and Marangon, B. Organic fertilization leads to increased peach root production and lifespan. Tree Physiol 2010, 30: 1373–1382. 28.  Parvathy, S. And Vaishnavy, S. S. Effect of biogas slurry on growth and biomass production of Sorghum vulgare and Oryza sativa. J Ecobiol 2009, 24: 335-338. 29.  Dhussa, A. K. Biogas plant effluent handling and utilization. Chang Villag 1985, 7: 77-85. 30.  Karki, K. B. Estimation of Plant Nutrient Loss from Biogas Slurry. Research Report submitted to SNV/BSP Nepal; 1997. 31.  Olaniyi, J. O, and Akanbi, W. B. Effect of organo- mineral and inorganic fertilizers on the yield, quality of fluted pumpkin. African Crop Sci 2007, 8: 347-350. 32.  Ahmad, R. and Jabeen, N. Demonstration of growth improvement in sunflower by the use of organic fertilizer under saline conditions. Pak J Bot 2009, 41: 1373- 1384 33.  Acharya, C.N. Preparation of fuel gas and manure by anaerobic fermentation of organic materials. Indian Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi, India, 1961. 34.  Abera, T., Feyissa, D. and Yusuf, H. Effects of inorganic and organic fertilizers on grain yield of maize-climbing bean intercropping and soil fertility. Conference of International Agriculture Research Development, Western Oromiya, Ethiopia; 2005 35.  Pandey, N., Upadhyay, S. K., Joshi, B. S. and Tripethi, R. S. Integrated use of organic and inorganic N fertilizers for the cultivation of low land rice in vertisol. Indian J Res 2001, 35: 112-114.


Download PDF